Introduction to Technical Analysis


Technical Analysis

Technical Analysis is that the art of prediction future value movement supported past value action, volume on a chart and applying numerous studies and indicators to that. Technical Analysis works across all timeframes i.e. intraday – daily – weekly or perhaps yearly knowledge and is applicable to stocks, indices, commodities, futures or any tradable instrument wherever the value is ruled by the forces of provide and demand.

Use of Technical Analysis

It is a really effective tool to time the markets, i.e. verify the entry levels, the stop-losses, additionally because the target levels. It takes into consideration everything (barring the ACTS of GOD) that’s doubtless to impact the costs, as well as basic reasons, stock specific news, results, events moving same sector’s stocks, political happenings so on.

Bases of Technical Analysis

The 3 most vital bases of Technical Analysis are:

  • Price Discounts Everything
  • Price Moves in Trend
  • History Tends to Repeat Itself

Price Discounts Everything

Technical Analysis assumes that the company’s fundamentals, beside broader economic factors and market science, area unit all priced into the stock, removing the necessity to really take into account these factors individually. This solely leaves the analysis of value movement, that technical theory views as a product of the provision and demand for a specific stock within the market.

Price Moves in Trend

“Trade with the trend” is that the basic logic behind Technical Analysis. Once a trend has been established, the longer term value movement is a lot of doubtless to be within the same direction because the trend than against it.

History Tends to Repeat Itself

People are victimization charts and patterns for many decades to demonstrate patterns in value movements that usually repeat themselves. The repetitive nature of value movements is attributed to plug science. In alternative words, market participants tend to supply an identical reaction to similar market stimuli, over time.

Dow Theory

The Dow Theory is that the oldest and out and away the foremost published methodology of distinguishing major trends within the market. The goal of the idea is verify changes within the primary or major movement of the market. Once a trend has been established, it’s assumed that it’ll exist till a reversal is evidenced. Dow Theory worries with the direction of a trend and has no prediction worth in terms of the trend’s final direction or size.

Interpreting the speculation

The market discounts everything

The Dow Theory states that quality costs take into thought all offered data. Earnings potential, competitive advantage of a firm, management competency – all of those factors and a lot of square measure priced into the market. The price reflects the combination judgment and emotions of all the market participants.

There square measure 3 sorts of market trends

Markets expertise primary trends that last a year or a lot of, like a bull or market. at intervals these broader trends, markets expertise secondary trends, usually seen as a retracement against the first trend, like a pullback at intervals a market or a rally at intervals a bear market; these secondary trends last from 3 weeks to 3 months. Finally, there square measure minor trends that last but 3 weeks, and square measure usually seen as noise.

Primary trends have 3 phases

A primary trend consists of 3 phases, consistent with the Dow Theory. during a market, these square measure the buildup section, the general public participation section and therefore the excess section. during a market, they’re known as the distribution section, the general public participation section and therefore the panic section.

Indices should ensure one another

In order to ascertain a trend, Dow Theory states that indices or market averages should ensure one another. Dow created use of 2 indices: the Dow-Jones Industrial Average Industrial and Rail (now Transportation). an increase in Dow-Jones Industrial Average Industrial would solely be confirmed if the transportation average additionally confirmed constant, else there was no clear trend and that we may witness a correction. The converse of this could additionally hold true.

Volume should ensure the trend

Volume ought to increase if worth is occupancy the direction of the first trend, and may be light-weight throughout a pullback. If volume picks up throughout a pullback, it may indicate trend reversal as a lot of participants have turned pessimistic.

Trends persist till a transparent reversal happens.

Reversals in primary trends may be confused with secondary trends. characteristic whether or not a market may be a reversal – the start of a market – or a passing correction to be followed by higher highs is troublesome, and therefore the Dow Theory advocates caution, insistence that reversal be confirmed.

Difference between technical and elementary analysis

Fundamental Analysis is that the technique of evaluating a security by analyzing record, operating statement, profit/loss, cash-flows and alternative financial/non-financial knowledge concerning the corporate. Technical Analysis doesn’t arrange to live a security’s intrinsic price, however instead uses charts and alternative tools to spot patterns which will counsel future worth trend. it’s a tool for temporal order the market i.e. entry and exit levels.

Technical or elementary

Techno elementary approach is that the one you must glide by. It means that you must use each.

  • Which security to trade – use elementary Analysis
  • When to trade – use Technical Analysis

Key Takeaways

  • Technical Analysis helps in characteristic entry and exit points.
  • Technical Analysis basis a) worth Discounts Everything b) worth Moves in Trend c) History Tends to Repeat Itself.
  • Dow Theory is predicated on six basic tenants
  • Technical Analysis is best wont to establish short terms trades

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